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last modified Jun 28, 2016 12:02 AM
EMBRACE - Earth system Model Bias Reduction and assessing Abrupt Climate change project

Contact: N/A
Start: Nov 01, 2011
End: Oct 31, 2015
Lead: SMHI (Sweden)
Participants: 14 partners from 9 countries
Cost: 9530 k€
Funding: 7000 k€
Homepage: www.embrace-project.eu

Project Description

Improving the realism of European Earth System Models (ESMs) is vital in order to provide the most reliable estimates of future climate change to decision makers allowing them to make informed policy decisions at national, European and international levels.

EMBRACE brings together the leading ESMs in Europe around a common set of objectives to improve the representation of critical processes in climate and Earth system models.

EMBRACE builds on the existing European collaboration network in Earth System Modelling and will be the main European input to international efforts in this field over the coming 5 years. The project has a number of key goals:

  • to reduce the main, known biases in existing European ESMs,
  • to fully evaluate ESM simulation capabilities and improvements made in the project,
  • to increase the realism of, and interactions between, the physical and biogeochemical components of ESMs,
  • to assess the risks of abrupt or irreversible changes in key components of the Earth system, in response to the most recent greenhouse gas, aerosol and land-use scenarios proposed for the IPCC AR5.


Four primary ESM biases specifically being targeted by the project are:

  1. The global carbon cycle;
  2. Atmospheric convection and coupled tropical circulation;
  3. Coastal and equatorial ocean upwelling; and
  4. Land surface-climate interactions.

The ESMs will also be used to investigate the risk of abrupt changes to potential tipping points in the climate system, such as the stability of the Atlantic Ocean circulation and the stability of tropical and boreal forest ecosystems to global warming.



Most of these information have been collected from EMBRACE´s homepage .They have been last updated on Jun 28, 2016
Filed under: Project, ENES, European