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last modified Jun 04, 2015 12:33 PM
World Climate Research Programme

Name: WCRP
Contact: WCRP Joint Planning Staff
Start: Jan 01, 2001
Lead: JSC
Funded by: WMO
Homepage: www.wcrp-climate.org
Download: www.wcrp-climate.org

Project Description

The WCRP Mission is to facilitate analysis and prediction of Earth system variability and change for use in an increasing range of practical applications of direct relevance, benefit and value to society. The two overarching objectives of the WCRP are:

  1. to determine the predictability of climate; and
  2. to determine the effect of human activities on climate

Progress in understanding climate system variability and change makes it possible to address its predictability and to use this predictive knowledge in developing adaptation and mitigation strategies. Such strategies assist the global communities in responding to the impacts of climate variability and change on major social and economic sectors including food security, energy and transport, environment, health and water resources.

The main foci of WCRP research are:

  • Observing changes in the components of the Earth system (atmosphere, oceans, land and cryosphere) and in the interfaces among these components;
  • Improving our knowledge and understanding of global and regional climate variability and change, and of the mechanisms responsible for this change;
  • Assessing and attributing significant trends in global and regional climates;
  • Developing and improving numerical models that are capable of simulating and assessing the climate system for a wide range of space and time scales;
  • Investigating the sensitivity of the climate system to natural and human-induced forcing and estimating the changes resulting from specific disturbing influences.



To achieve its objectives, WCRP adopts a multi-disciplinary approach, organizes large-scale observational and modelling projects and provides the international forum to align efforts of thousands of climate scientists to provide the best possible climate information.


Scientific guidance for the WCRP is provided by the Joint Scientific Committee (JSC), consisting of 18 scientists selected by mutual agreement between the three sponsoring organizations and representing climate-related disciplines in atmospheric, oceanic, hydrological and cryospheric sciences. Implementation of WCRP's programme takes place through the Joint Planning Staff (JPS) in Geneva and Paris, in the International Project Offices (IPOs) and co-opted contributors from many agencies. Each project has a Scientific Steering Group (SSG; see 'Activities & Projects'). 


Core projects:

Climate and Cryosphere (CliC): The principal goal of CliC is to assess and quantify the impacts of climatic variability and change on components of the cryosphere and their consequences for the climate system, and to determine the stability of the global cryosphere.

Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR): CLIVAR’s mission is to observe, simulate, and predict the Earth’s climate system with a focus on ocean-atmosphere interactions in order to better understand climate variability, predictability and change.

Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX): GEWEX focuses on the atmospheric and thermodynamic processes that determine the global and regional hydrological cycle, radiation and energy transitions and their involvement in global changes such as increases in greenhouse gases.

Stratospheric Processes And their Role in Climate (SPARC): SPARC has as its principal focus research on the significant role played by stratospheric processes in the Earth’s climate, with a particular emphasis on the interaction between chemistry and climate.


Most of these information have been collected from WCRP´s homepage .They have been last updated on Jun 04, 2015
Filed under: International, Initiative